Urology Cancer is a general term for cancer of anything relating to the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive system. This includes kidneys, bladder and prostate and male reproductive organs.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the UK, with over 40,000 new cases diagnosed every year.
Prostate cancer usually develops slowly and there may be little or no signs that you may have it for many years.
Symptoms often only become apparent when your prostate is large enough to affect the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the penis).
This normally results in problems associated with urination. Symptoms can include:
- needing to urinate more frequently, often during the night
- needing to rush to the toilet
- difficulty in starting to urinate
- straining or taking a long time while urinating
- weak flow
- feeling that your bladder has not emptied fully
Many men’s prostates get larger as they get older due to a non-cancerous condition known as prostate enlargement.
Symptoms that the cancer may have spread include bone and back pain, a loss of appetite, pain in the testicles and unexplained weight loss.
It is vitally important these symptoms are not ignored and while they do not necessarily mean you have prostate cancer; it is worth seeking advice from a medical professional.
Kidney cancer is the eighth most common cancer in adults in the UK, with just over 10,100 people diagnosed each year. Most cases of kidney cancer don’t cause any symptoms in the early stages.
The most common symptoms of mid- to advanced-stage kidney cancer are:
- A persistent pain just below the ribs on either side
- a lump or swelling in the area of your kidneys (on either side of the body)
- blood in urine- enough to turn urine dark red or brown
However, in around half of all cases diagnosed, kidney cancer causes no symptoms and is only detected during a routine ultrasound scan.
Less common symptoms of kidney cancer include:
- extreme tiredness (fatigue)
- unexplained weight loss
- a high temperature of over 38oC
- night sweats
- a general sense of feeling unwell
- swelling of the veins in the testicles (in men)
- loss of appetite
- high blood pressure (hypertension)
It is therefore important to seek medical advice if you are worried or experience any of the symptoms mentioned.
Bladder cancer is the result of abnormal tissue growth in the bladder lining. In some cases the tumour may have spread to the surrounding muscles outside the bladder.
Blood in your urine is the most common symptom of bladder cancer. The medical name for this is haematuria and it’s usually painless. This may appear as blood streaks or may be more severe and appear to turn your urine brown. The blood isn’t always noticeable and it may come and go.
Less common symptoms of bladder cancer include:
- a need to urinate on a more frequent basis
- sudden urges to urinate
- a burning sensation when passing urine
If bladder cancer reaches an advanced stage and begins to spread, symptoms can include:
- pelvic pain
- bone pain
- unintentional weight loss
- swelling of the legs
Testicular cancer is a relatively rare type of cancer, accounting for just 1% of all cancers that occur in men. Around 2,200 men are diagnosed with testicular cancer each year in the UK.
Testicular cancer is unusual compared to other cancers because it tends to affect younger men. Although it’s relatively uncommon overall, testicular cancer is the most common type of cancer to affect men between the ages of 15 and 49.
The most common symptom of testicular cancer is a lump or swelling in one of your testicles. The lump or swelling can be about the size of a pea, but may be larger.
Testicular cancer can also cause other symptoms, including a:
- dull ache or sharp pain in your testicles or scrotum, which may come and go
- feeling of heaviness in your scrotum
- change in the texture or increase in firmness of a testicle
- difference between one testicle and the other
Most lumps or swellings in the scrotum aren’t in the testicle and aren’t a sign of cancer. But they should never be ignored. It is important to visit a medical professional if you notice a lump or swelling in your scrotum.
Don't suffer in silence. It may be embarrasing but all of our GPs and Consultants are used to talking to patients about intimate areas of the body. An early diagnosis could save your life.
Our Doctors will follow the approved NICE Guidelines when making any diagnosis.
If you would like to book an appointment or require further information on the available options, please do not hesitate to contact our private patient booking team via our online enquiry form.
Alternatively, email Kingsbridge Private Hospital